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Selasa, 20 Februari 2018

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

Hello guys! Welcome back with my new post. This time, I will make a biography of one of the most inspirative person in the world, Mahatma Gandhi. He is my favorite!
Related image

QUICK FACTS
NAME : Mahatma Gandhi
OCCUPATION : Anti-War Activist
BIRTH DATE : October 2, 1869
DEATH DATE : January 30, 1948
DID YOU KNOW?
As a young man, Mahatma Gandhi was a poor student and was terrified of public speaking.
Gandhi formed the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 to fight discrimination.
Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, who was upset at Gandhi’s tolerance of Muslims.
Gandhi's non-violent civil disobedience inspired future world leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.
EDUCATION : Samaldas College at Bhavnagar, Gujarat, University College London
PLACE OF BIRTH : Porbandar, Kathiawar, India
PLACE OF DEATH : New Delhi, India

Mahatma Gandhi, by name of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country. Gandhi is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest (satyagraha) to achieve political and social progress. 

Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule

In the eyes of millions of his fellow Indians, Gandhi was the Mahatma (“Great Soul”). The unthinking adoration of the huge crowds that gathered to see him all along the route of his tours made them a severe ordeal; he could hardly work during the day or rest at night. “The woes of the Mahatmas,” he wrote, “are known only to the Mahatmas.” His fame spread worldwide during his lifetime and only increased after his death. The name Mahatma Gandhi is now one of the most universally recognized on earth.

Jumat, 19 Januari 2018

Descriptive Fauna

         Welcome back with my blog! Long time no see since 2017. This is my new blog for 2018. In this blog, I will tell you one of the most uniquest animal in the world. It is usually called as Sea Pig or Sea Cucumber. Maybe some of you have known this sea animal and some of you don't. Sea pigs are deep sea holothurian echinoderms of the Scotoplanes genus. They can be found in deep ocean bottoms in all major oceans, at depths of 1000 meters or greater. So, they are hard to find.


Hasil gambar untuk sea pig
Here are some scientific classification of it.
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Echinodermata
Class : Holothuroidea
Order : Elasipodida
Family : Elpidiidae
Genus : Scotoplanes
Species : Scotoplanes globosa


Hasil gambar untuk sea pig
           THE ANIMALS COMMONLY known as sea pigs are in fact a type of sea cucumber. Sea cucumbers are echinoderms, a group of marine animals that includes sea urchins and starfish.

Sea pigs are found in all the world’s oceans. In some areas, they comprise more than 95% of the total weight of animals on the deep-sea floor. Despite their abundance, most people will never see a sea pig, as they live in the coldest and deepest parts of the ocean.

It’s a shame, because these little piggies are both cute and play an essential role in the ocean ecosystem.

1. “Sea Pig” is a pretty accurate description. Sea pigs earned their moniker from their puffy legs and plump, oval-shaped pinkish bodies.
2. They fit in the palm of your hand.  Sea pigs tend to be about 4-6 inches long.

3. Sea pigs live in the deepest part of the ocean. Sea pigs are found in the deepest abyssal depths of the world’s oceans, as far as 3.7 miles under the ocean surface.

4. Scientists have known about sea pigs for more than 100 years.  They were first described by Swedish zoologist Hjalmar Théel in 1882. Théel described about 65 new species discovered by the British research ship HMS Challenger during her round-the-world expedition of 1872-1876.

5. They get around by walking on the seafloor. Sea pigs have five to seven pairs of enlarged tube feet. These “walking legs” are hydraulically operated appendages that can be inflated and deflated to move around.

6. Those aren’t antennae — they’re also feet. Although they look like antennae, the structures on the top of the sea pig’s head are actually feet. These upper papillae are modified tube feet, like the animal’s “walking legs.” They may help propel the sea pig along the ocean, or they may have a sensory function, helping it detect the chemical trail of a tasty meal.

7. Sea pigs scour mud for delicious scum. Sea pigs are deposit or detrital feeders, eating bits of decaying plant and animal material found in deep sea mud. Their mouths are surrounded by a ring of feeding tentacles that they use to sift through the mud and grab onto food. Sea pigs are especially fond of food that has recently fallen from the ocean’s surface, like a whale corpse.

8. They can sometimes be found in large gatherings. Sea pigs often occur in aggregations of many hundreds of individuals. It’s not because they enjoy each other’s company. It’s believed sea pigs tend to gather where food resources are abundant. Thus, many hundreds of sea pigs will be attracted to a dead whale carcass on the seafloor and gather at the spot to feast.

9. In these large gatherings, sea pigs will often all face in the same direction. It might look eerie — hundreds of sea pigs coating the seafloor, all orienting in the same direction. But there’s a good reason for it. Sea pigs usually face into the prevailing current, presumably so they can detect decaying goo and find the best feeding sites, according to the Echinoblog.

10. Sea pigs host several weird parasites. Sea pig parasites include small snails and crustaceans that bore holes in their host’s bodies and feed on them internally.

This is live cycle of the sea pig.
Behaviour
Scotoplanes are known to form large groups. There have been reports of groups comprised of more than 1.000 individuals while early trawling records indicate an average of 300-600 caught specimens per trawl.
It is believed that sea pigs are not actually social animals. They simply gather where food resources are abundant.

Diet
Sea pigs are deposit feeders that obtain their food by extracting organic particles from deep-sea mud. They have a high preference for rich and organic sources that have recently fallen from the ocean's surface (e.g. a dead whale). They mainly use their sense of smell to detect their food. This is why they are commonly found facing towards the prevailing currents.

They use the ring of tentacles that surrounds the mouth to feed and absorb nutrients.

Threats and conservation status
Their conservation status has yet to be officially evaluated, however they are not believed to be threatened due to their global distribution and their seemingly abundant numbers.

Their biggest threat is deep sea trawling as the average trawler, sweeps, catches and obviously kills, 300 to 600 sea pigs. Perhaps trawling may pose a serious problem in the future.

Sea Pigs as pets
Well, they are cute and surely there are many people wondering if they can get one as a pet. However, replicating the temperature and high pressures of their habitat is very difficult, at least for the average aquarist. Not to mention that you are gonna need  a trawler or a sub to catch one.

Thank you for these sources
Source : https://www.wired.com/2014/06/the-creature-feature-10-fun-facts-about-sea-pigs/
http://www.strangeanimals.info/2011/10/sea-pigs.html


That's all from me now, guys! See you in my next blog..

Rabu, 15 November 2017

Gathapraya

Senior High School 3 Bandung proudly present :
GATHAPRAYA
Art, Philology, and Culture Festival

     Hello folks! Welcome back with my blog. In this post, I will recount my school's Art, Philology, and Culture Festival, Gathapraya.


       Gathapraya is the name of cultural festival of Public Senior High School 3 Bandung. Name of 'Gathapraya' is taken from two words in Sanskrit, 'Anggata' means future and 'Abiphraya' means hope. And if connected with Indonesian culture, Gathapraya means Indonesia's hopeful culture in future.

        Gathapraya held on 30 September 2017 at Bali court, Bandung. Gathapraya started at 8 o'clock with a cultural parade. We started the parade at Saparua court and finished at Bali Court. The Gathapraya's gate opened at 12.00. There were a lot of people entered the gate and it was very crowded. But the ticket system is online, so the line was not too long. At Gathapraya there were also many food trucks, cultural stands, etc.

         I entered Gathapraya at 4 o'clock. I went with my friends. Because me and my friends were very hungry, we bought some food at the food truck like spaghetti. It tasted so yummy. And then we played at Cultural Stands. It's so fun! We had a joy there. After that we were tired and got ready for the main guest star because it almost 6 o'clock in the afternoon.  There were so many guest stars and main guest stars. The guest stars are Vina Candrawati, Didik Nini Thowok, Soul Etnic, Giriharja, Elevoice, Drizzling Dancer, etc. The main guest stars are Nidji, Elephant Kind, and HiVi. 

        The opening of the main guest star is from KPA 3 (Keluarga Paduan Angklung 3). And then from TS'T (Tiloes Theatre). TS'T's performance was really cool. They bring the audience feel like the original situation about culture in the future. After that, the performance from Vina Candrawati and Didik Nini Thowok.
  
          After performances from them, Elephant Kind performed 5 great songs. They give us a great energy. Everybody jumped and raised their hands together. After Elephant Kind, there was HiVi performance. Same like Elephant Kind, everybody jumped and raised their hands together. Also sing and danced. After HiVi, there was performance from Nidji. But, when Nidji came into the stage, a heavy rain come to the stage. Everybody splited up to take refuge from rain. But finally the rain was gone and the peak of the event came. Everybody jumped, sang, danced really excited even it was a little rain.

        Gathapraya ends at 22.00. And I went home because I'm so tired. That was a great experience for me. That's all from me now. See you on the next post!!





Rabu, 08 November 2017

Narrative Text

     Hello guys welcome back with my blog. This is my new post about Narrative Text. The tittle is Malin Kundang. Here is the structure and language features

 Malin Kundang
Structure
Text Organization
Language Features
Orientation
A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra, a woman and her son lived. They were Malin Kundang and her mother. Her mother was a single parent because Malin Kundang’s father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang had to live hard with his mother. Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy.

who?

where?


Complication
He usually went to sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sold the caught fish in the town. 
One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant’s ship which was being raided by a small band of pirates. He helped the merchant. With his brave and power, Malin Kundang defeated the pirates. The merchant was so happy and thanked to him. In return the merchant asked Malin Kundang to sail with him. To get a better life, Malin Kundang agreed. He left his mother alone.
Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and was helped by many ship crews loading trading goods. Perfectly he had a beautiful wife too. When he was sailing his trading journey, his ship landed on a beach near a small village. The villagers recognized him. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here”.
An old woman ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She was Malin Kundang’s mother. She wanted to hug him, released her sadness of being lonely after so long time. Unfortunately, when the mother came, Malin Kundang who was in front of his well dressed wife and his ship crews denied meeting that old lonely woman. For three times her mother begged Malin Kundang and for three times he yelled at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her “Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!” After that he ordered his crews to set sail. He would leave the old mother again but in that time she was full of both sadness and angriness.

action verb



linking word
Resolution
Finally, enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn’t apologize. Malin Kundang just laughed and really set sail. In the quiet sea, suddenly a thunderstorm came. His huge ship was wrecked and it was too late for Malin Kundang to apologize. He was thrown by the wave out of his ship. He fell on a small island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse. Suddenly, he turned into a stone.
specific participant

Rabu, 11 Oktober 2017

Hong Kong Disneyland


English Task
Hongkong Disneyland
by :
- Agung Putri Mayasari Bhaskara
- Tiana Permawati

Senior High School 3 Bandung
X Science 2
     




Hello guys! Welcome back with my new blog. In here, I will describe Hongkong Disneyland as my english task. Enjoy it.
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https://youtu.be/WhmpDxSS7gw

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Hong Kong Disneyland

Hongkong Disneyland is a themepark located on a reclaimed land in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island. It's located inside the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort which is owned and managed by Hong Kong International Theme Parks. Together with Ocean Park Hongkong, it is one of the two large theme parks in Hong Kong.

The park consists of seven themed areas: Main Street, U.S.A., Fantasyland, Adventureland, Tomorrowland, Grizzly Gulch, Mystic Point, and Toy Story Land. The theme park's cast members speak Cantonese, English, and Mandarin. Guide maps are printed in traditional and simplified Chinese as well as English, Japanese, Thai, Malay and Indonesian. The park features a lot of parades, too. They are usually seasonal entertainments. There are "Disney's Haunted Halloween", "A Sparkling Christmas", and "Disney's Chinese New Year".

Hong Kong Disneyland are split into seven different themed areas, right? First is Main Street, U.S.A., which is designed to resemble the early 20-h century version of Midwest Town. Second,  is the Adventureland, which has jingle-themed adventures. Next one is Fantasyland, and it is basically bringing clasic Disney movies characters like Cinderella and Aladdin to the real world. And then we have Tomorrowland, which held an optimistic vision of the future world.

The other three themed areas are actually new. Toy Story land is based on the Disney Pixar film Toy Story. grizzly Gulch is reminiscing an abandoned mining town set amidst mountains and woods. And lastly, Mystic Point, a dense, uncharted rain forests where supernatural events take place. Two new themed lands will be added to the park : frozen land in 2020 and marvel area in 2023.

That's all from me now. Thank you. See you later! ❤❤❤☺☺





Rabu, 30 Agustus 2017

Planning for the Next Holiday

Conversation About Planning for the Next Holiday
Hello! Welome back to my Blog. This is my new post about Planning for the Next School Holiday. 
Enjoy it !❤☺

Maya : "Hi Ihsan ! How are you?"
Ihsan : "I'm fine Maya. How about you?"
Maya : "I'm fine too. Oh yeah Ihsan, I heard that after we finish our exam,we will have a school holiday right?"
Ihsan : "Yes Maya. It will be fun!"
Maya : "When is the holiday?"
Ihsan : "Between 19 December 2017 until 2 January 2018. It's a very long holiday !"
Maya : "Wow"
Ihsan : "What will you do next holiday ?"
Maya : "Hmm, I hope I can go to Korea "
Ihsan : "Who are you going to go with?''
Maya : 'With my relatives."
Ihsan : "It must be fun right? "
Maya : "Yes of course. "
Ihsan : "What will you do there? "
Maya : "I will enjoy the scenery, learn the culture of South Korea, and so many interesting activities I can do there."
Ihsan : "Wow, you are so grateful as you can go to South Korea. "
Maya : "Yes thank you. Ihsan, what will you do on the next holiday ?"
Ihsan : "I am going to go to Jakarta to meet my brother. And stay there in a while''
Maya : "Wow, that's interesting! Does your brother live in Jakarta?"
Ihsan : "Yes. He live in Jakarta with his family. He works there."
Maya : "Oh I see. With whom will you go?"
Ihsan : "With my family"
Maya : "How long will you stay there?"
Ihsan : "About one week."
Maya : "It's long enough. You can do many things there right?"
Ihsan : "Yes"
Maya : "What kind of activities you will do at Jakarta?''
Ihsan : "I will stroll, go shoping, enter to TMII."
Maya : "It sounds good !"
Ihsan : "Yes I hope so"
Maya : "By the way, I must go to the canteen. See you then!"
Ihsan : "Bye!"

That's all the conversation about holiday. I hope you like it. 
See you on my next blog!☺☺☺


Minggu, 27 Agustus 2017

Grateful Momment

Welcome back with me guys. This is one of my grateful momment. It really memorable for me. 

Grateful Momment

😄It happen about one month ago. That time I was at LIA English Course. I finished my english course at 18.00. That time I am so busy with so many homeworks and courses. Everyday I always go home lately between 18.00 - 20.00. It's so tiring.
     
I remember it's Monday. That day, my english course finished at 18.00. Usually my father or sometimes my brother standby to pickup me to go home. But, that time my father or my brother didn't pickup me. I waiting them in a while. I called my father, my mother, and my brother again and again. But they didn't answer it. That time I am so confused. I didn't know what to do again because my money is not enough to order any taxi or public transportation. I am so worried because I am alone. All of my friends already go home. What I feel now like I'm gonna cry....

I think crying is not helpful for me. So, that time I try to call my father again. And finally, my father answered it! It was at 18.30 PM. My father said that I must go home with GO - JEK. " Oh OK, but my money is not Pah." I said. " Why don't you use your GO Pay? " said my father. Oh yeah I remember I still have GO Pay. It is like an electronic money that you can use it anytime and anywhere. It is so helpful when you didn't have a 'real' money.

After that, I tried to order GO - JEK to pickup me but, when I ordered GO Jek, there are no GO Jek driver can be found. I wait for about 30 minutes. Finally there was one driver who picked up my order. And then he called me and ask where is my location. I answered that I am at LIA English Course. And he answered " I am sorry, your positions is too far from here. You can reorder others driver. Thank you". That time I'm so angry. I tried to reorder. After 3 times driver canceled my order, finally one driver picked up me. I am so happy and grateful. I said "Thank god, I can go home and doing my homework now''. I thanked to my driver and gave him some tips.

Maybe that's all my one of Grateful Momment. See you on the next post!❤❤☺☺☺

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

Hello guys! Welcome back with my new post. This time, I will make a biography of one of the most inspirative person in the world, Mahatma Ga...